The best treatment for food allergies is to avoid the food that causes the allergy. When that isn’t possible, you can use medicines such as antihistamines for mild reactions and the medicines in an allergy kit for serious reactions.
Start by telling your family, friends, and coworkers that you have a food allergy, and ask them to help you avoid the food. Read all food labels, and learn the other names that may be used for food allergens.
If your baby has a milk or soy allergy, your doctor may suggest either that you change the formula or that you feed your baby only breast milk. Specially prepared formulas are available for infants who have soy and milk allergies.
If you or your child has mild allergies, your doctor may suggest nonprescription antihistamines to control the symptoms. You may need prescription antihistamines if over-the-counter medicines don’t help or if they cause side effects, such as drowsiness.
If you have a severe allergic reaction, your first treatment may be done in an emergency room or by emergency personnel. You will be given a shot of epinephrine to stop the further release of histamine and to relax the muscles that help you breathe.
There are some exciting new developments in food allergy therapy including oral immunotherapy for peanuts. In the near future there may be new advances in other forms of treatment including skin patches and new drugs.